Main
Main
文章目录
  1. 0x00.基础
  2. 0x01.在文件中移动
  3. 0x02.剪切、复制和粘贴
  4. 0x03.搜索
  5. 0x04.替换
  6. 0x05.大小写
  7. 0x06.读写文件
  8. 0x07.文件浏览器
  9. 0x08.和 Unix 系统交互
  10. 0x09.对齐
  11. 0x0A.Tabs/Windows
  12. 0x0B.分屏显示
  13. 0x0C.自动完成
  14. 0x0D.Marks
  15. 0x0E.缩写
  16. 0x0F.文本缩进
  17. 0x10.语法高亮

(转)VIM命令

以下内容转自http://www.oschina.net/news/43167/130-essential-vim-commands

0x00.基础

命令 用途
:e filename Open filename for edition
:w Save file
:q Exit Vim
:q! Quit without saving
:x Write file (if changes has been made) and exit
:sav filename Saves file as filename
. Repeats the last change made in normal mode
5. Repeats 5 times the last change made in normal mode

0x01.在文件中移动

命令 用途
k or Up Arrow move the cursor up one line
j or Down Arrow move the cursor down one line
e move the cursor to the end of the word
b move the cursor to the begining of the word
0 move the cursor to the begining of the line
G move the cursor to the end of the line
gg move the cursor to the begining of the file
L move the cursor to the end of the file
:59 move cursor to line 59. Replace 59 by the desired line number.
20 ¦ move cursor to column 20.
% Move cursor to matching parenthesis
[[ Jump to function start
[{ Jump to block start

0x02.剪切、复制和粘贴

命令 用途
y Copy the selected text to clipboard
p Paste clipboard
dd Cut current line
yy Copy current line
y$ Copy to end of line
D Cut to end of line

0x03.搜索

命令 用途
/word Search word from top to bottom
?word Search word from bottom to top
* Search the word under cursor
/\cstring Search STRING or string, case insensitive
/jo[ha]n Search john or joan
/\< the Search the, theatre or then
/the> Search the or breathe
/\< the> Search the
/\< ¦.> Search all words of 4 letters
/\/ Search fred but not alfred or frederick
/fred\ \ ¦ joe Search fred or joe
/\<\d\d\d\d> Search exactly 4 digits
/^\n{3} Find 3 empty lines
:bufdo /searchstr/ Search in all open files
bufdo %s/something/somethingelse/g Search something in all the open buffers and replace it with somethingelse

0x04.替换

命令 用途
:%s/old/new/g Replace all occurences of old by new in file
:%s/onward/forward/gi Replace onward by forward, case unsensitive
:%s/old/new/gc Replace all occurences with confirmation
:2,35s/old/new/g Replace all occurences between lines 2 and 35
:5,$s/old/new/g Replace all occurences from line 5 to EOF
:%s/^/hello/g Replace the begining of each line by hello
:%s/$/Harry/g Replace the end of each line by Harry
:%s/onward/forward/gi Replace onward by forward, case unsensitive
:%s/ *$//g Delete all white spaces
:g/string/d Delete all lines containing string
:v/string/d Delete all lines containing which didn’t contain string
:s/Bill/Steve/ Replace the first occurence of Bill by Steve in current line
:s/Bill/Steve/g Replace Bill by Steve in current line
:%s/Bill/Steve/g Replace Bill by Steve in all the file
:%s/^M//g Delete DOS carriage returns (^M)
:%s/\r/\r/g Transform DOS carriage returns in returns
:%s#<[^>]+>##g Delete HTML tags but keeps text
:%s/^(.*)\n\1$/\1/ Delete lines which appears twice
Ctrl+a Increment number under the cursor
Ctrl+x Decrement number under cursor
ggVGg? Change text to Rot13

0x05.大小写

命令 用途
Vu Lowercase line
VU Uppercase line
g~~ Invert case
vEU Switch word to uppercase
vE~ Modify word case
ggguG Set all text to lowercase
gggUG Set all text to uppercase
:set ignorecase Ignore case in searches
:set smartcase Ignore case in searches excepted if an uppercase letter is used
:%s/\<./\u&/g Sets first letter of each word to uppercase
:%s/\<./\l&/g Sets first letter of each word to lowercase
:%s/.*/\u& Sets first letter of each line to uppercase
:%s/.*/\l& Sets first letter of each line to lowercase

0x06.读写文件

命令 用途
:1,10 w outfile Saves lines 1 to 10 in outfile
:1,10 w >> outfile Appends lines 1 to 10 to outfile
:r infile Insert the content of infile
:23r infile Insert the content of infile under line 23

0x07.文件浏览器

命令 用途
:e . Open integrated file explorer
:Sex Split window and open integrated file explorer
:Sex! Same as :Sex but split window vertically
:browse e Graphical file explorer
:ls List buffers
:cd .. Move to parent directory
:args List files
:args *.php Open file list
:grep expression *.php Returns a list of .php files contening expression
gf Open file name under cursor

0x08.和 Unix 系统交互

命令 用途
:!pwd Execute the pwd unix command, then returns to Vi
!!pwd Execute the pwd unix command and insert output in file
:sh Temporary returns to Unix
$exit Retourns to Vi

0x09.对齐

命令 用途
:%!fmt Align all lines
!}fmt Align all lines at the current position
5!!fmt Align the next 5 lines

0x0A.Tabs/Windows

命令 用途
:tabnew Creates a new tab
gt Show next tab
:tabfirst Show first tab
:tablast Show last tab
:tabm n(position) Rearrange tabs
:tabdo %s/foo/bar/g Execute a command in all tabs
:tab ball Puts all open files in tabs
:new abc.txt Edit abc.txt in new window

0x0B.分屏显示

命令 用途
:e filename Edit filename in current window
:split filename Split the window and open filename
ctrl-w up arrow Puts cursor in top window
ctrl-w ctrl-w Puts cursor in next window
ctrl-w_ Maximize current window vertically
ctrl-w ¦ Maximize current window horizontally
ctrl-w= Gives the same size to all windows
10 ctrl-w+ Add 10 lines to current window
:vsplit file Split window vertically
:sview file Same as :split in readonly mode
:hide Close current window
:­nly Close all windows, excepted current
:b 2 Open #2 in this window

0x0C.自动完成

命令 用途
Ctrl+n Ctrl+p (in insert mode) Complete word
Ctrl+x Ctrl+l Complete line
:set dictionary=dict Define dict as a dictionnary
Ctrl+x Ctrl+k Complete with dictionnary

0x0D.Marks

命令 用途
m {a-z} Marks current position as {a-z}
‘ {a-z} Move to position {a-z}
‘’ Move to previous position

0x0E.缩写

命令 用途
:ab mail mail@provider.org Define mail as abbreviation of mail@provider.org

0x0F.文本缩进

命令 用途
:set autoindent Turn on auto-indent
:set smartindent Turn on intelligent auto-indent
:set shiftwidth=4 Defines 4 spaces as indent size
ctrl-t, ctrl-d Indent/un-indent in insert mode
>> Indent
<< Un-indent
=% Indent the code between parenthesis
1GVG= Indent the whole file

0x10.语法高亮

命令 用途
:syntax on Turn on syntax highlighting
:syntax off Turn off syntax highlighting
:set syntax=perl Force syntax highlighting
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